/  Social Pillar / Water


Makueni County is a water scarce county; it’s classified as an Arid and Semi-Arid Area. There exists a few water supply sources with a total production of 18, 490 m3. /Day spread within the county. The county demand stands at 40,794 m3 hence the deficit is 26,304.4742 m3. This translates to water coverage of 45.3%. Households walk an average of 8 Kilometres to and from water sources and only 36 percent of residents use improved water sources with the rest relying on unimproved sources. Only 17.7% of the households in the county have access to piped water.

Broad Outcomes 

  1. Enhancing access to potable and reliable water

  1. Increase Water Accessibility

The County Government will invest in different methods of water harvesting, storage, treatment and distribution. This will include construction of dams to harvest rainwater, harvesting of spring and river water, promotion of institutional and household level water harvesting, storage and utilization. Water distribution pipelines and treatment will be enhanced so as to increase the amount of potable water.

  1. Rural water supply program

The government will focus on increasing water accessibility in the county. This will be achieved through; construction of 3 mega and 3 medium dams to harvest rainwater, construction of mega sand dams along main rivers such as Kikuu, Thwake and Muooni, drilling of boreholes, promotion of institutional and household level water harvesting, Construction of water treatment plants in every sub county and enhance water  distribution through pipeline extension and water schemes.

  • Construction of 3 mega dams and 3 medium dams with a volume of 10 Million cubic metres, one for each sub-County complete with treatment plants, storage tanks and distribution networks.(the estimated additional volume of water harvested will be over 36 million cubic metres

2. Enhanced water resource governance

  1. Strengthening water resource governance and management

The County Government will develop a Water Sector Policy Framework in line with National Water Policy. The policy will guide investment in the water sector in order to provide for a legal framework for water harvesting, storage and treatment, distribution, management, governance and utilization.

2. Development of county water resource knowledge management system

The County Government will undertake a water resource mapping exercise that would lead to the creation of a database of the existing and potential water resources. The policy will strengthen and guide the operations of the existing water companies and community based water schemes, such as Water Resources User Associations (WRUAs).

  1. Institutional strengthening/governance & capacity building program

The Government will offer training to the existing water companies such as NOLWASCO, KIMAWASCO, WOWASCO and Mbooni Water Companies and community based water schemes, such as Water Resources User Associations (WRUAs).  Water mapping will be carried out in order to know the number of water sources in the county.  Additionally, policies will be developed to strengthen the operations of the water companies and WRUAs.

3. Reduced reliance on rain fed agriculture to enhance food security and increased household incomes.

  1. Irrigation infrastructural program

In order to provide sufficient water for irrigation, the county will construct 4 micro turbine pumping units along river Athi, rehabilitate existing irrigation schemes, and offer support for rain water/ run off harvesting. Implementation of this program will lead to increase in acreage under irrigation leading to increased yields.

4. Increased access to improved sanitation and sewerage system

  1. Development of sewerage system
  2. The current state of sanitation and sewerage system in the county is very poor. The government will construct sewerage systems in the major towns. The government will also strengthen urban solid waste management in major towns.

  1. Integrated urban water & Sewerage development program

The county aims at ensuring a safe and clean environment through improvement of sanitation in urban areas. This will be achieved through; construction of elaborate sewerage system in Wote, Mtito Andei, Emali and Tawa, Increased water supply to major towns, Construction of class A toilets in major urban centres and Strengthening urban solid waste management (tier 2 of urban areas).